Viral Rate

How serious is the disease that causes the virus, whether there is treatment, how to reduce the chance of getting the virus, and what are the special guidelines for returnees from abroad?

In recent days, the outlook that seemed far from us had materialized; Two Corona patients in Israel (in isolation), and a new discovery that recently visited Korean tourists in the country, were diagnosed as carrying the virus upon their return to their country – not knowing whether they carried the virus when they visited Israel, and whether they were affected by people living in Israel. The Ministry of Health held the virus last month to arrive in Israel, after warning that its infiltration into Israel cannot be prevented. Along with travel warnings and flight cancellations to countries with high circulation, about 2,000 Israelis are required to stay at home in isolation, and the health system is required to deal complexly with a new disease that is still under the microscope’s eye in research labs.

Although dealing with the virus around the world only in its beginnings and ways of dealing with it are still in research stages, dealing with it concerns health authorities and citizens alike, so we have concentrated on a number of important things to know about the corona virus, called COVID19.

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How worried should I be?

Most of the people carrying the virus can only become mildly ill, according to the data collected. Of 44,672 cases in China, 81% had mild symptoms, 13.8% were severely ill and 4.7% were critically ill. The complications most often occur in adults and people suffering from the immune system and chronic illness. Most of the deceased – about 80%, are over 60, and two-thirds of them are men.

Public health officials are trying to assess how many people have been infected, including those that have not been affected at all. Because the effects of the virus are not fully known, its impact is difficult to fully assess, and at this time, health agencies around the world are working to contain and isolate patients to prevent its spread.

Is it an epidemic?

Health experts around the world argue that this should be done, but for now, the World Health Organization says it is not an epidemic, according to the number of countries where outbreaks, the severity of the disease and its impact on society. However, according to the organization’s chairman, Tadros Adnum Gabrisis, the number of new infections as reflected in the reports from Iran, Italy and South Korea is “very worrying.” He added that as of this hour, we have not witnessed an incomprehensible global spread and that we are not witnessing deaths On a large scale. ”Does the virus have the potential to become an epidemic? Definitely yes. Are we there? In our estimation, not yet. The virus can be contained and there are countries that do just that. “

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How are humans infected with the virus and what are its symptoms?

Transmission of the virus between humans is likely to occur in airway secretions, during sneezing or coughing. The signs of the disease are similar to those of the flu: fever, cough, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Clinical examination cannot distinguish between coronavirus infection and other respiratory diseases. The disease can lead to severe pneumonia, severe respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.

The percentage of severe complications of all the infections has not yet been clarified. It is not yet known how infectious the disease is, but according to the Ministry of Health at this time, the level of infection appears to be at least similar to the flu virus. It is still unclear whether people can catch up before the onset of disease symptoms, so people who visit the countries where the spread of the disease is rapidly expanding are being sent for isolation and supervision.

Is there any treatment for the disease?

At this time, there is no specific treatment for coronavirus disease, and most of the patient care is supportive and given based on the patient’s clinical condition. Unlike very contagious diseases such as influenza and measles, where a vaccine is found – there is no vaccine for the new virus yet, and the development of a vaccine may take a long time. At the same time, in Australia, they have been able to produce an experimental vaccine and will soon start testing on animals and will continue to test its safety and effectiveness.

The US pharmaceutical company has also begun developing a first vaccine for Corona, in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases.

white thermometer at 36 degrees celsius

How to reduce the chance of getting infected with the virus?

As in many cases of viral disease, there are steps that can reduce the chance of getting the virus. The World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health recommend that you wash your hands frequently, especially before meals, food preparation, after coughing or sneezing and after staying in crowded places. The mouth should be covered during cough and mouth and nose during sneezing – using tissue or elbow. Avoid contact and keep away from people who have symptoms of cold or flu, and avoid traveling on public transport if you feel bad or have symptoms of illness.

Can Face Masks Protect Us From Adhesion?

The World Health Organization and other experts report that the effectiveness of the mask is inconclusive. But some health experts and mask makers say that properly used, the reusable N95 respirator can fully protect against the new virus. Paper or polyurethane foam masks do not filter smaller particles responsible for transmitting infections. These masks, however, may prevent sick people from transmitting the virus to others.

I have fever. What to do?

If you have not reached one of the relevant destinations, you can contact your doctor routinely. If you returned or were close to the sick person or returned from the aforementioned destinations and had a fever of over 38 degrees, cough, difficulty breathing or other respiratory symptoms, you should first contact the health care provider or physician, and not reach the clinic without notice.

For any questions that arise about the issue or provider, questions can be directed to the Health Ministry’s hotline * 5400, or the joint HMO and MDA hotline.

What are the special guidelines for returning foreigners?

The Ministry of Health is directing returnees from China, Thailand, Hong Kong, Singapore, Macau, South Korea and Japan to stay in solitary confinement for up to 14 days from their destination or last contact with a patient and report it. In addition, anyone who has visited Taiwan, Italy or Australia for the past 14 days and develops disease symptoms should follow the firm’s instructions – if a temperature of over 38 degrees, cough, difficulty in breathing or other respiratory symptoms should be addressed, call 101 MDA (not to go to a health clinic or emergency room). If necessary, a paramedic will come to your home for laboratory tests and continue treatment, according to the doctor’s decision. Last night, the Foreign Ministry issued a travel warning for travelers to northern Italy, and the Ministry of Health is considering whether to order state prisoners to stay in isolation.

Can goods and products import from China transmit the virus?

According to the Centers for Disease Distribution in the United States, this is an unlikely scenario, as the coronavirus does not survive for long on surfaces.

Could a pet endanger a person in Corona and vice versa?

As far as we know, a pet like a dog or cat cannot infect or infect a person with the new coronavirus. However, according to the Ministry of Health, since other types of coronavirus theoretically can infect animals, it is advisable to use caution and not treat a pet if you suffer from symptoms suspected of coronary disease and if you have to come in contact with animals in this condition, wear an oral mask and be careful about handwashing.

“There must be a good reason to get on a plane now”
At this time, there are some 80,000 validated cases of Corona patients worldwide, most of them in China. So far, 2,704 people have died as a result of the disease, and about 27,725 have recovered from it. Outside of China, in South Korea, most of the viruses have been detected so far – 893 cases, followed by Italy with 231 verified cases, and Japan with 160. Despite the government’s lack of transparency, Iran has the highest number of deaths outside China so far – about 14 as of last night, Although a state MP reported that in the city of Kom alone 50 deaths occurred, and it is not known how serious the outbreak was. The “Corona Liner”, by the way, its conduct in its context has been criticized as a “Corona Lab floating”, has led to the infection of 634 people. According to the World Health Organization, the disease mortality rate is 2.1%.

Is hysteria exaggerated?

“Is this a contagious and dangerous disease? Yes. Is it a public health emergency? Yes. Are we all going to die? No. The collective anxiety from the Corona is intensifying because it is an issue that captures the news and the media, but it will not harm us all,” says Prof. Hagai Levin, an expert For the spread of disease and public health. “A quarter of a million to half a million people die from influenza each year. Influenza is less contagious and less lethal than the Corona, a new virus we don’t know to predict its behavior, and the wide range of consequences. Every effort should be made and taken seriously.

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“Should you behave wisely? Is it right that you should now reduce contact with other people, avoid shaking hands and kissing on the face? You may need to take extraordinary steps to reduce transfer and protect the public, such as reducing crowds. Stickers, there is a virus that is indeed dangerous, but the risk of the individual is not great, especially in Israel, a country with a high level of solidarity and community strength, it is important that these capabilities are also implemented in health threats.

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Would you advise the public at the moment to generally avoid flights now?

“It is impossible to make such a recommendation. It depends on the need for travel. There must be a good reason to get on a plane now. If there is – take the risk and fly. There is a risk, but in general, there are unknown risks. You can also walk around the mall in the streets and get infected.”.

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